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"He who possesses the highest knowledge with respect to one or another genus must be able to express the most certain principles of the relevant subject, so that he, who treats about Beings in so far as they are Beings, should be able to express the most certain principles of all things. This is the philosopher."

- Aristotle, Metaphysica, Gamma 3, 1005b8-11

Philosophy studies general concepts.

Philosophy studies existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

Philosophy can be systematic or unsystematic.

Physics, psychology, sociology, linguistics, and economics were formerly part of philosophy but later branched off into independent disciplines (a consequence of empiricism).

Some philosophers maintain that philosophy is preparation for death, referring to the trial of Socrates.

Philosophy is a fundamental questioning, that is, questioning the foundations of knowledge.





History of Philosophy





The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (Oxford Companions) - Ted Honderich

Robert Audi - The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy

Re-Engineering Philosophy for Limited Beings: Piecewise Approximations to Reality - William C. Wimsatt

Timothy Williamson - The Philosophy of Philosophy

Tulane Studies in Philosophy (Series)

Videos and Lectures on Philosophy Gregory B. Sadler The New Chadafrican Philosophy and Peak Oil

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